Letter concerning Indian treaties, 1864

Contributed by Maine Historical Society


Frederic Kidder (1804-1885), from New Hampshire and an author, wrote to the Rev. Edward Ballard, chairman of the Publications Committee of Maine Historical Society, explaining three Indian treaties that he copied from Massachusetts State Archives.

The documents include a hand-written copy of a 1749 treaty between the Chief of the Tribe of Chignecto Indians (Micmacs), the Chief of the St. Johns Indians (Maliseets) and Edward Cornwallis, governor of Nova Scotia, that renewed a 1725 peace treaty and pledge to King George of Britain.

Another hand-written copy accompanies it. Written in 1760, Delegates of the Tribe of Indians of Passamaquoddy and the Tribe of Indians of St. Johns River (Maliseets) renewed an earlier treaty with delegates of the Province of Nova Scotia.

The final treaty is a hand-written copy of the original 1776 Treaty of Watertown, or the Treaty of Alliance and Friendship, between the governor of Massachusetts and delegates of the St. John's (Maliseets) and Micmac tribes.

The 1776 Treaty of Alliance and Friendship was on behalf of Massachusetts and other states of the United States. The treaty included provisions for Native people serving as soldiers in the American army.

The signers agreed to try to influence the Passamaquoddy Tribe and others to join the friendship arrangement and hence provide soldiers.

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About This Item

  • Title: Letter concerning Indian treaties, 1864
  • Creator: Kidder, Frederic
  • Creation Date: 1864-01-14
  • Subject Date: 1749 - 1864
  • State: ME, NS
  • Media: Ink on paper
  • Local Code: Coll. 938
  • Object Type: Text

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Maine Historical Society
485 Congress Street, Portland, ME 04101
(207) 774-1822 x230

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