This draft map by Joseph Heath documents the land parcels around Maquoit Bay in West Brunswick. The houses of land baron Richard Wharton's descendants and Ulster Scot settler William Woodside are noted with squares in the upper right section of the map.
Manuscript map #3 of Brunswick, April 8, 1725 from the Pejepscot Purchase Company records showing the property ownership around Brunswick. This is a draft map made by Joseph Heath for "Wharton & Winthrop."
Land shown in on Maquoit Bay in Brunswick.
Manuscript map #10 of Brunswick (Maquoit), 1740. "This plan lying at the head of Maquoit Bay within the township of Brunswick surveyed at the desire of Capt. William Woodside."
This lot is bordered on the west by"...property Old church in Boston" and north by "West 287 Rd."
Manuscript map #66 of Flying Point at Maquoit Bay in Freeport. The map was commissioned by the Proprietors of the Township of Brunswick, also known as the Pejepscot Proprietors, which was a large land company formed in Massachusetts to colonize present-day Maine. The company was comprised of some of the most politically influential and wealthy merchants in New England.
An unidentified person wrote the accounts of attacks on John Given, Thomas Means's family, and the capture of Molly Phinney from the settler colonialist viewpoint.
Wabanaki people tried to control illegal settlements through diplomacy, and pushed back against encroachments into the interior, specifically after declaring that English forts were unwelcome during peace negotiations.
As a result, the homes of settlers, specifically Ulster Scots, were attacked by two parties of Wabanaki men in the Pejepscot Patent area. Thomas Means settled on Flying Point Road in Freeport. He and his infant son were killed and Molly Phinney was taken captive by one party. Another party went to Maquoit in West Brunswick and traveled across Middle Bay to the home of John Given, but "Seeing no one but children passed them unmolested." Later they encountered Abijah Young and John and Richard Starbird, and took Young prisoner.
Why was Brunswick targeted in 1756? A likely contributing factor was the increased bounties Massachusetts put on Native people—specifically on their scalps. Reverend Thomas Smith in Falmouth Neck (Portland), about 25 miles south of Brunswick noted in 1745 "People seem wonderfully spirited to go out after the Indians."
By June 1755, Massachusetts declared war against all "Eastern Indians," except the Penobscots. When the Penobscot diplomacy failed and they refused to fight alongside settlers, Massachusetts governor Phips issued a proclamation in November expanding the war to include the Penobscot Nation. By 1756, scalp bounty payouts for men, women and children approached 300 English pounds per person, equal to about $60,000 in 2021.
Wabanaki people were being hunted in their Homeland and retaliated.
An account dated May 10, 1756 of the death of Thomas Means of Cousins Island and one of his children.
When the Indians fled the scene, they took Molly Phinney with them.
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