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Keywords: Black Americans

Historical Items

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Item 29285

Cpl. Herbert Windom, North Yarmouth, 1942

Contributed by: Maine Historical Society Date: 1942 Location: North Yarmouth Media: Photographic print

Item 29286

Soldiers, North Yarmouth, 1942

Contributed by: Maine Historical Society Date: 1942-07-04 Location: North Yarmouth Media: Photographic print

Item 108716

"The Meeting House 2; All Present" by Daniel Minter, Portland, 2020

Contributed by: Maine Historical Society Date: 1865 Location: Portland Media: Ink on paper

Exhibits

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Exhibit

A Convenient Soldier: The Black Guards of Maine

The Black Guards were African American Army soldiers, members of the segregated Second Battalion of the 366th Infantry sent to guard the railways of Maine during World War II, from 1941 to 1945. The purpose of the Black Guards' deployment to Maine was to prevent terrorist attacks along the railways, and to keep Maine citizens safe during the war.

Exhibit

State of Mind: Becoming Maine

The history of the region now known as Maine did not begin at statehood in 1820. What was Maine before it was a state? How did Maine separate from Massachusetts? How has the Maine we experience today been shaped by thousands of years of history?

Exhibit

Guarding Maine Rail Lines

Black soldiers served in Maine during World War II, assigned in small numbers throughout the state to guard Grand Trunk rail lines from a possible German attack. The soldiers, who lived in railroad cars near their posts often interacted with local residents.

Site Pages

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Site Page

Anchor of the Soul - Anchor of the Soul

… Anchor of the Soul Anchor of the Soul A documentary about black history in Maine

Site Page

Portland Press Herald Glass Negative Collection - Along the Waterfront

… the treasurer of the Portland Fish Co., Arthur Black was in Washington D.C. with a delegation to plead for aid for the fishing industry.

Site Page

Surry by the Bay - Phebe Fowler: A Woman of Property

… Phebe in Her Old Age Phebe wears a black coat in the only photograph we have of her.Item Contributed bySurry Historical Society Resources…

My Maine Stories

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Story

Where are the French?
by Rhea Côté Robbins

Franco-Americans in Maine

Story

Black Is Beautiful
by Judi Jones

Gut-wrenching fear

Story

From Chinese Laundress to Mother of the Year
by Dr. Andrea Louie

Toy Len Goon's granddaughter recounts her immigration to the US and becoming Mother of the Year.

Lesson Plans

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Lesson Plan

Black History and the History of Slavery in Maine

Grade Level: 6-8, 9-12, Postsecondary Content Area: Social Studies
This lesson presents an overview of the history of the Black community in Maine and the U.S., including Black people who were enslaved in Maine, Maine’s connections to slavery and the slave trade, a look into the racism and discrimination many Black people in Maine have experienced, and highlights selected histories of Black people, demonstrating the longevity of their experiences and contributions to the community and culture in Maine.