Dogan Goon in U.S. Army uniform, ca. 1918

Contributed by Maine Historical Society

Dogan Goon in U.S. Army uniform, ca. 1918

Purchase a reproduction of this item on


Dogan Goon was born about 1893 in southwestern China. He later immigrated to the United States, eventually making his way to Boston by 1917. In August of that year, he was arrested by a Chinese Inspector for violation of the Chinese Exclusion Act.

The Chinese Exclusion Act was passed by the U.S. Government in 1882 with the specific intention of barring Chinese immigration. Essentially, it aimed to eliminate the importation of Chinese laborers. The rationale for such legislation is similar to modern complaints about Central American migrant workers – immigrants coming into America in large numbers to work for less pay, therefore taking jobs from American citizens.

Goon was acquitted of violating the Chinese Exclusion Act, but was pressured to serve in the U.S. military to demonstrate patriotism. He served in the Army Medical Corp from June 1918 until January 1919, when he was honorably discharged. His newly confirmed citizenship allowed Goon to marry a Chinese woman and bring her to the United States.

His wife, Toy Len Goon, was named American Mother of the Year in 1952, just nine years after the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Act.

View/Add Comments

About This Item

  • Title: Dogan Goon in U.S. Army uniform, ca. 1918
  • Creation Date: circa 1918
  • Subject Date: circa 1918
  • Location: Portland, Cumberland County, ME
  • Media: Photoprint
  • Dimensions: 19 cm x 14 cm
  • Local Code: Coll. 2080, Box 4/1
  • Collection: Chinese Americans of Maine collection
  • Object Type: Image

Cross Reference Searches

Standardized Subject Headings


For more information about this item, contact:

Maine Historical Society
485 Congress Street, Portland, ME 04101
(207) 774-1822 x230

The copyright and related rights status of this item have not been evaluated. Please contact the contributing repository for more information.

How to cite content on this site

Please post your comment below to share with others. If you'd like to privately share a comment or correction with MMN staff, please send us a message with this link.