Keywords: Irish Americans
Many of the dockworkers -- longshoremen -- in Portland were Irish or of Irish descent. The Irish language was spoken on the docks and Irish traditions followed, including that of giving nicknames to the workers, many of whose given names were similar.
In the early 1600s, French explorers and colonizers in the New World quickly adopted a Native American mode of transportation to get around during the harsh winter months: the snowshoe. Most Northern societies had some form of snowshoe, but the Native Americans turned it into a highly functional item. French settlers named snowshoes "raquettes" because they resembled the tennis racket then in use.
… of people from other cultures, such as the Irish and French-Canadians, plus the successful manufacturing at the many mills, combined to foster a…
… and the animosity between the French and Irish Catholics, a separate church--St. Joseph's--was established in 1870.