Sgt. Alonzo Palmer Stinson was the first soldier from Portland killed in the Civil War. He was 19 when he died at the Battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861, less than a month after enlisting as a sergeant in Co. H of the 5th Maine Volunteer Regiment.
Stinson's brother Harry was also in Company H; he stayed on the battlefield with his brother after Alonzo was wounded by a cannonball. Harry was captured by the Confederates and was imprisoned for more than a year.
After getting out of prison he returned to the war as an officer in the Volunteers Aide-de-Camp Infantry Regiment. He died of disease, "in the service of his country," on February 22, 1866, by which time he was a Captain, breveted as a lieutenant colonel.
A memorial in Portland's Eastern Cemetery remembers Alonzo Stinson.
It is in the shape of a rigid knapsack with a blanket roll on top, such as infantry soldiers carried early in the war.
Survivors of Co. H of the 5th Maine presented the memorial to the City Of Portland on July 4th 1908.
John Mahoney (1843-1870) of Augusta enlisted in of Co. B of the 7th Maine Regiment on 21 Aug 1861.
He was 18 years old and enlisted as a private. He was transferred to Co. B of the 1st Maine Veterans Infantry Regiment on August 21, 1864 and was discharged from the service on February 21, 1865 -- because he was missing and unaccounted for.
Mahoney probably is among those soldiers who were killed or died but whose bodies were not found or identified.
The assassination of President Abraham Lincoln added to the mourning in communities across the state and nation.
Funeral services at Portland City Hall on April 19, 1865 commemorated Lincoln's assassination.
Poppenburg's Band played a dirge, and the Rev. Dr. J. J. Carruthers of the 2nd Parish Congregational Church gave an address.
Mrs. Olive A. Beale of Portland wrote a hymn for the occasion.
Hiram G. Berry, a carpenter, navigator, banker, and politician in Rockland, was commander of the Rockland Guard, a militia unit before the Civil War. He was asked to recruit a regiment for the war – the 4th Maine Regiment.
Berry was colonel of the regiment from May 1861 to March 1862 when he was promoted to major general in the U.S. Volunteers General Staff Infantry Regiment.
He was killed at the Battle of Chancellorsville on May 3, 1863, while leading a bayonet charge.
He reportedly told his soldiers to "have hearts like oak and let the Stars and Stripes wave high."
Abner W. Harmon, a native of Buxton, wrote a memorial poem about Berry, which became popular during the war.
Harmon wrote a number of other poems about the war and other memorials, including one about Abraham Lincoln.
Some of the poems were set to music.
Nelson W. Jones, the son of Nelson and Hanna Jones of Palermo, was 18 when he enlisted in Co. I of the Maine 3rd Infantry Regiment on June 4, 1861 as a private.
Jones was promoted to sergeant. He was killed at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 2, 1863.
Charles H. Ring of Newport, the son of Almond and Mary Ring, was a musician in Co. E of the 16th Maine Regiment during the Civil War.
Ring was killed at the battle of Antietam, November 30, 1862.
George W. Edwards, a native of Gorham, was a member of the Class of 1862 at Bowdoin College.
At age 22, in February 1862, Edwards enlisted as a 2nd lieutenant in Co. B of the 16th Maine Infantry.
He was killed at the Battle of Fredericksburg on December 13, 1862, while leading his troops in a bayonet charge.
Benjamin C. Pennell, a 20-year-old blacksmith in Portland, was commissioned as a 2nd lieutenant in Co. B of the 17th Maine Infantry on August 18, 1862.
He was promoted to 1st lieutenant in December 1862 and to captain in August 1863.
He was killed at the Battle of Petersburg on June 17, 1864, by a stray bullet while spotting targets.
Warren W. "West" Cooper was 19 when he enlisted as a private in Co. H of the 4th Maine Infantry on June 15, 1861.
Slightly more than a month later, on July 21, 1861, he was killed at the Battle of Bull Run, Virginia.
Samuel Keene of Rockland, a lawyer, was 29 when he enlisted as 1st lieutenant in Co. I of the 20th Maine Infantry on Aug. 29, 1862.
He was later promoted to captain of Co. F.
Keene was killed on June 22, 1864, at Petersburg while ensuring that an injured soldier was cared for.
Keene's promotion to major did not reach him before his death.
The Rev. George Knox, who had served churches in Topsham, Lewiston, and Brunswick, enlisted as a chaplain for the 1st Regiment from May 3, 1861 to May 8, 1863.
He reenlisted when the regiment became known as the 10th Maine. It later became the 29th Maine.
On October 31, 1864, as Knox was mounting his horse for some duty with other officers, his horse became restless, reared and fell back on him causing injuries that killed him by the end of the day.
Weston H. Keene of Bremen was 24 when he enlisted in the 20th Maine Infantry.
He began his service as a sergeant major and was promoted to 1st lieutenant, then to captain of Co. A.
Keene was killed on Sept. 30, 1864 at Peebles' Farm, Virginia.
Brothers George and Joseph Pepper of Bath both enlisted in the 7th Maine Regiment on August 21, 1861.
Joseph, age about 27, died at the Battle of Yorktown in April of 1862.
George, age 21, died of disease only seven months later.
The brothers were part of a family that emigrated from Canada sometime before 1850.
Obed Millett was born March 17, 1841 in Palmyra and he died on June 5, 1864 at Betheseda Church during the Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia.
He enlisted at age 20 on May 28, 1861 as a private in Company G of the 2nd Maine Infantry.
He was taken prisoner on July 21, 1861 at Bull Run, in Manassas, Virginia, and confined in Richmond in a three-story brick warehouse owned by a prosperous tobacconist, George Harwood.
He was eventually paroled. He mustered out of Co. G 2nd Infantry on June 9, 1863 in Portland.
He reenlisted as a sergeant on April 4, 1864 at age 22 in the 31st Regiment Maine Infantry and served until his death at Cold Harbor.
Obed was one of four Millett brothers who served during the Civil War, for the Union.
Freeman McGilvery (1823-1864) of Stockton was 35 years old when he enlisted as a captain in the Maine 6th Light Artillery Battery on January 1, 1862.
He was later promoted to major, lieutenant colonel and full colonel.
McGilvery was commander of artillery in front of Pickett's charge at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863.
In August 1864, he was promoted to Chief of Artillery for the X Corps.
At the Battle of Deep Bottom, he was slightly wounded, but the wound did not heal. He died from an overdose of chloroform at Petersburg, Virginia, in September 1864.
A fort, part of the Union earthworks at Petersburg, Virginia, was named after McGilvery, as was Post #30 of the Grand Army of the Republic in Maine.
The State of Maine designated the first Saturday of September Colonel Freeman McGilvery Day.
Daniel C. Clark enlisted in the Fifth Maine Regiment Company D in December of 1861 as a second lieutenant. By July of 1862 he was Captain of Company K.
He was wounded in action at the Battle of the Wilderness, May 16, 1864, and died shortly thereafter, at the age of 23.
There is a stained-glass window monument to Capt. Clark in the Fifth Maine Regiment Museum on Peaks Island.
Frederic W. Lane of Milo was 24 when he enlisted as a sergeant in Co. B of the Maine 20th Infantry Regiment on April 20, 1863.
He was promoted to 2nd lieutenant on April 20, 1863.
He died in a rebel hospital on May 14, 1864, of wounds received at the Battle of the Wilderness.
Thomas H. Marshall (1826-1861) of Belfast, studied at Bowdoin College, but was forced to leave due to illness during his sophomore year.
He returned to Belfast to work in his father's mercantile business. He was captain of the local Volunteer Militia Company, the Belfast City Greys.
He was elected to the Maine House in 1857 and 1858 and then served two years in the State Senate, being elected Senate President in 1860.
When the Civil War broke out, he chose immediately to pursue a military career, becoming part of the 4th Maine Regiment, in which he was major.
Transferred to the newly formed 7th Maine, first as its lieutenant colonel and later as its commander, Marshall was taken ill with fever at their encampment in Baltimore and died together with 80 of his men. He was 35 at the time.
James Parker, Artificer, First Maine Heavy Artillery Regiment, ca. 1863
Item 82152 info
Mount Desert Island Historical Society
James M. Parker of Somesville joined the 18th Maine Regiment, later renamed the 1st Maine Heavy Artillery Regiment, in 1862.
After serving on garrison duty in forts near Washington, D.C., the regiment was ordered to serve as infantry during the Overland Campaign in the spring of 1864.
Parker was killed in the regiment's charge against Confederate fortifications near Petersburg Virginia on June 18, 1864.
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