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Keywords: Land companies.

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These sites were created for each contributing partner or as part of collaborative community projects through Maine Memory. Learn about collaborative projects on MMN.


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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - The Plymouth Company (Kennebec Proprietors) records, ca. 1625-1824

Conflicting land grants, competing companies (including the Pejepscot Company), and squatters created a dynamic landscape with much at stake as the…

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Scarborough: They Called It Owascoag - Scarborough Marsh: "Land of Much Grass" - Page 2 of 4

Moses Banks’ 1784 survey map became the basis for all marsh lot purchases, work and disputes involving these companies.

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Scarborough: They Called It Owascoag - Scarborough Marsh: "Land of Much Grass" - Page 4 of 4

… “An Act to Incorporate the Little River Dyking Company.” Chapter 533, 1871 ------ “An Act to Incorporate the Southgate Dyking Company.” Chapter…

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Beyond Borders: an historical overview - Page 4 of 6

Many others came under the auspices of no land company at all. During the Revolutionary War, scores of leading proprietors remained loyal to the…

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Who were the Kennebec and Pejepscot Proprietors? - Page 5 of 7

… colonists cutting down timber on unsold company lands. Effective agents needed a familiarity with the law, as the proprietors frequently resorted…

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Who were the Kennebec and Pejepscot Proprietors? - Page 7 of 7

Frontier residents retaliated by vandalizing the property of company agents, threatening them, and on several occasions, physically assaulting them…

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Who were the Kennebec and Pejepscot Proprietors? - Page 6 of 7

… on payments, or helped themselves to timber on company land, while arguing that, by assuming the risk of moving to Maine, and making the company

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Who were the Kennebec and Pejepscot Proprietors? - Page 4 of 7

Proprietors who held onto their company shares long enough—however small—received significant landholdings.

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Women in Colonial Economies - Page 3 of 4

… Maine, both before and after the formation of land companies. Most women landowners were widows who inherited such property from their late…

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Who were the Kennebec and Pejepscot Proprietors? - Page 1 of 7

Both companies formed to legitimize and take advantage of titles to vast tracts of Wabanaki Homelands, but the different origins of their claims both…

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Themed Slideshows

… of the business activities of merchant owned land speculation companies, form a rich bedrock of source material for potential historic exploration…

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Pejepscot Proprietors Papers, 1627‐1866

It also includes municipal records for towns settled by the company, most notably Brunswick, Maine, with warrants and reports.

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Who were the Kennebec and Pejepscot Proprietors? - Page 3 of 7

… Wharton in 1684 with six Wabanaki sagamores to land around Merrymeeting Bay, the Androscoggin and Kennebec Rivers.

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Project Home

… important contemporary topics such as Indigenous land and water rights; and the preservation and use of public lands.

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Beyond Borders: an historical overview - Page 2 of 6

Land—lots of it—was a means to that end. In 1714, for instance, eight Boston men established the Pejepscot Company, which claimed a large tract…

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Biographies: The Pejepscot Proprietors - Page 1 of 2

His grandfather purchased lands near Saco in 1673 and his father married into land ownership in Maine. Both were councilors in the state.

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Who were the Kennebec and Pejepscot Proprietors? - Page 2 of 7

… grant by the Council of New England (granting land from King Charles I under a royal charter) to a vague, poorly defined area on both sides of the…

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Beyond Borders: an historical overview - Page 3 of 6

… custom of rooting Anglo title in Native land rights, arguing instead that royal or provincial grants, not Indian deeds, were the only legitimate…

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Beyond Borders: an historical overview - Page 1 of 6

He is the author of Speculation Nation: Land Mania in the Revolutionary American Republic (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2023).

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Women in Colonial Economies - Page 4 of 4

… was an essential complement to the surveys and land sales documented in company records. Women’s economic activities, in short, undergirded both…

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Wabanaki Agency in the Proprietor Records - Page 1 of 5

… exist because of competing colonial claims to land. As historian Alan Taylor observed: In 1800 the Pejepscot Patent's settlers complained that…

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - The Kennebec Proprietors Biographies

… association of Boston Merchants jumped into the land speculation business by reviving an old Pilgrim grant on the Kennebec River in Maine.

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Biographies: The Pejepscot Proprietors - Page 2 of 2

… the south side of Faneuil Hall, the Pejepscot lands left to him by his father, as well as other dubious land titles on Roanoke Island in North…

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Beyond Borders - Mapping Maine and the Northeast Boundary - Beyond Borders: an historical overview - Page 5 of 6

Positioning itself as the sole source of legal title to “unappropriated” land, the state government itself began to compete with the great…