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Keywords: manufacturing

Historical Items

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Item 27815

Garland Manufacturing Co., Saco, ca. 1965

Contributed by: Dyer Library/Saco Museum Date: circa 1965 Location: Saco Media: Photographic print

Item 14659

Accident report, Eastern Manufacturing Co., Brewer, 1927

Contributed by: City of Brewer Date: 1927-02-19 Location: Brewer Media: Ink on paper

Item 82211

Westbrook Manufacturing Company, Westbrook, ca. 1890

Contributed by: Walker Memorial Library Date: circa 1890 Location: Westbrook Media: Photographic print

Tax Records

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Item 37385

Assessor's Record, 54-56 York Street, Portland, 1924

Owner in 1924: McDonald Manufacturing Co. Use: Garage

Item 37386

Assessor's Record, 54-56 York Street, Portland, 1924

Owner in 1924: McDonald Manufacturing Co. Use: Storage

Item 37387

Assessor's Record, 54-56 York Street, Portland, 1924

Owner in 1924: McDonald Manufacturing Co. Use: Storage

Architecture & Landscape

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Item 109823

House for the Odell Manufacturing Co., Groveton, NH, 1897

Contributed by: Maine Historical Society Date: 1897 Location: Groveton Client: Odell Manufacturing Company Architect: Coombs, Gibbs, and Wilkinson Architects

Item 109164

Butler Manufacturing Buildings in various towns, Bangor, 1949-1951

Contributed by: Maine Historical Society Date: 1949–1951 Location: Bangor Clients: Charles W. Tenbroeck; Butler Manufacturing Architect: Eaton W. Tarbell

Item 109674

Plan of Office Hill Mfg. Co., Lewiston, 1903

Contributed by: Maine Historical Society Date: 1903 Location: Lewiston Client: Hill Manufacturing Company Architect: Coombs and Gibbs Architects

Online Exhibits

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Silk Manufacturing in Westbrook

Cultivation of silkworms and manufacture of silk thread was touted as a new agricultural boon for Maine in the early 19th century. However, only small-scale silk production followed. In 1874, the Haskell Silk Co. of Westbrook changed that, importing raw silk, and producing silk machine twist threat, then fabrics, until its demise in 1930.


Eastern Fine Paper

The paper mill on the Penobscot River in South Brewer, which became known as Eastern Fine Paper Co., began as a sawmill in 1884 and grew over the years as an important part of the economy of the region and a large presence in the landscape. Its closing in 2005 affected more than the men and women who lost their jobs.


Wired! How Electricity Came to Maine

As early as 1633, entrepreneurs along the Piscataqua River in southern Maine utilized the force of the river to power a sawmill, recognizing the potential of the area's natural power sources, but it was not until the 1890s that technology made widespread electricity a reality -- and even then, consumers had to be urged to use it.

Site Pages

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Site Page

Guilford, Maine - MANUFACTURING - Page 1 of 2

MANUFACTURING History of Manufacturing by Piscataquis Community Middle School 8th Grade Students Included in the next two pages: Draper's Mill…

Site Page

Guilford, Maine - MANUFACTURING - Page 2 of 2

MANUFACTURING Interface Fabrics By Matt Stone and Luke Nadeau Images from the Guilford Historical Society Guilford Woolen Mills, ca.

Site Page

Guilford, Maine - Early Manufacturing - Page 3 of 3

Early Manufacturing Pride Manufacturing Company A third major industry of which the town proudly boasted had a fifty year history here before…

My Maine Stories

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I worked for International Paper for 40 years
by Peter Crosson

I was never bored working in instrumentation at International Paper


Maine and the Atlantic World Slave Economy
by Seth Goldstein

How Maine's historic industries are tied to slavery


Aurore Morin & Huguette Paquette: immigrating to Biddeford
by Biddeford Cultural & Heritage Center

The experience of a young mother and her teenage sister making the transition from Quebec to Maine.

Lesson Plans

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Lesson Plan

Longfellow Studies: Longfellow's "The Village Blacksmith" and "Whitman's Song of Myself" - Alternative Constructions of the American Worker

Grade Level: 9-12 Content Area: English Language Arts, Social Studies
Most if not all of us have or will need to work in the American marketplace for at least six decades of our lives. There's a saying that I remember a superintendent telling a group of graduating high-school seniors: remember, when you are on your deathbed, you will not be saying that you wish you had spent more time "at the office." But Americans do spend a lot more time working each year than nearly any other people on the planet. By the end of our careers, many of us will have spent more time with our co-workers than with our families. Already in the 21st century, much has been written about the "Wal-Martization" of the American workplace, about how, despite rocketing profits, corporations such as Wal-Mart overwork and underpay their employees, how workers' wages have remained stagnant since the 1970s, while the costs of college education and health insurance have risen out of reach for many citizens. It's become a cliché to say that the gap between the "haves" and the "have nots" is widening to an alarming degree. In his book Wealth and Democracy, Kevin Phillips says we are dangerously close to becoming a plutocracy in which one dollar equals one vote. Such clashes between employers and employees, and between our rhetoric of equality of opportunity and the reality of our working lives, are not new in America. With the onset of the industrial revolution in the first half of the nineteenth century, many workers were displaced from their traditional means of employment, as the country shifted from a farm-based, agrarian economy toward an urban, manufacturing-centered one. In cities such as New York, groups of "workingmen" (early manifestations of unions) protested, sometimes violently, unsatisfactory labor conditions. Labor unions remain a controversial political presence in America today. Longfellow and Whitman both wrote with sympathy about the American worker, although their respective portraits are strikingly different, and worth juxtaposing. Longfellow's poem "The Village Blacksmith" is one of his most famous and beloved visions: in this poem, one blacksmith epitomizes characteristics and values which many of Longfellow's readers, then and now, revere as "American" traits. Whitman's canto (a section of a long poem) 15 from "Song of Myself," however, presents many different "identities" of the American worker, representing the entire social spectrum, from the crew of a fish smack to the president (I must add that Whitman's entire "Song of Myself" is actually 52 cantos in length). I do not pretend to offer these single texts as all-encompassing of the respective poets' ideas about workers, but these poems offer a starting place for comparison and contrast. We know that Longfellow was the most popular American poet of the nineteenth century, just as we know that Whitman came to be one of the most controversial. Read more widely in the work of both poets and decide for yourselves which poet speaks to you more meaningfully and why.