Keywords: house destroyed
Contributed by: Maine Historical Society Date: 1913–1924 Location: Cape Elizabeth Client: Jessie Wright Architect: John Calvin Stevens and John Howard Stevens Architects
Contributed by: Maine Historical Society Date: 1889 Location: Portland Client: unknown Architect: John Calvin Stevens and Albert Winslow Cobb Architects
The Wadsworth-Longfellow house is the oldest building on the Portland peninsula, the first historic site in Maine, a National Historic Landmark, home to three generations of Wadsworth and Longfellow family members -- including the boyhood home of the poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. The history of the house and its inhabitants provide a unique view of the growth and changes of Portland -- as well as of the immediate surroundings of the home.
The collector of Portland was the key to federal patronage in Maine, though other ports and towns had collectors. Through the 19th century, the revenue was the major source of Federal Government income. As in Colonial times, the person appointed to head the custom House in Casco Bay was almost always a leading community figure, or a well-connected political personage.
Two years after separating from Massachusetts, Maine leaders—many who were part of the push for statehood—also separated from Massachusetts Historical Society, creating the Maine Historical Society in 1822. The legislation signed on February 5, 1822 positioned MHS as the third-oldest state dedicated historical organization in the nation. The exhibition features MHS's five locations over the institution's two centuries, alongside images of leaders who have steered the organization through pivotal times.
The fire destroyed everything all the way North to Hoopers Grocery Store. Windows were broken and gas tanks exploded causing screams from the crowd.
All the homes on the west side were destroyed. The Bonney Aqueduct Company was established to provide water to the Village for fire protection.