Keywords: War of 1812
Contributed by: Old Canada Road Historical Society Date: 1813-05-15 Location: Sandy Hook; Kittery Point Media: Ink on paper
The War of 1812 ended in December 1814, but Eastport continued to be under British control for another four years. Eastport was the last American territory occupied by the British from the War of 1812 to be returned to the United States. Except for the brief capture of two Aleutian Islands in Alaska by the Japanese in World War II, it was the last time since 2018 that United States soil was occupied by a foreign government.
Mainers have been held prisoners in conflicts fought on Maine and American soil and in those fought overseas. In addition, enemy prisoners from several wars have been brought to Maine soil for the duration of the war.
Lt. William Burrows and Commander Samuel Blyth, commanders of the USS Enterprise and the HMS Boxer, led their ships and crews in Battle in Muscongus Bay on Sept. 5, 1813. The American ship was victorious, but both captains were killed. Portland staged a large and regal joint burial.
Grade Level: 3-8
Content Area: Social Studies
This lesson plan will give students a foundational overview of the events leading up to Maine’s separation from Massachusetts in 1820. Through class participation exercises and a chance to look at historic maps and documents, students will begin to place where Maine's statehood fits into the broader narrative of 18th and 19th century American history. They will have the opportunity to cast their own Missouri Compromise vote after learning about Maine’s long road to statehood, and will make connections between the shape, citizens, and governance of Maine today and the shape, citizens, and governance of Maine in 1820.