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Keywords: Nativism

Historical Items

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Item 7534

Wabanaki axe, Mount Kineo, ca. 1000

Contributed by: Maine Historical Society Date: circa 1000 Location: Mt. Kineo; Rockwood Media: Stone

Item 7536

Wampum beads, East Machias, ca. 1000

Contributed by: Maine Historical Society Date: circa 1000 Location: East Machias Media: Shell

Item 66676

Ku Klux Klan march, Island Falls, 1924

Contributed by: Cary Library Date: 1924-07-12 Location: Island Falls; Houlton Media: Photographic print

Architecture & Landscape

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Item 110422

Quaker Hill native plant garden, Waterford, CT, 1977-1998

Contributed by: Maine Historical Society Date: 1977–1998 Location: Waterford Client: unknown Architect: Landscape Design Associates

Item 110473

Stonecroft pool and service court, Falmouth, 1999-2001

Contributed by: Maine Historical Society Date: 1999–2001 Location: Falmouth Clients: Tom Tureen; Susan Tureen Architect: Patrick Chasse; Landscape Design Associates

Item 111983

Buckfield Library, Buckfield, 1900-1906

Contributed by: Maine Historical Society Date: 1900–1906 Location: Buckfield Client: John D. Long Architect: John Calvin Stevens

Online Exhibits

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Indians, Furs, and Economics

When Europeans arrived in North America and disrupted traditional Native American patterns of life, they also offered other opportunities: trade goods for furs. The fur trade had mixed results for the Wabanaki.


Gifts From Gluskabe: Maine Indian Artforms

According to legend, the Great Spirit created Gluskabe, who shaped the world of the Native People of Maine, and taught them how to use and respect the land and the resources around them. This exhibit celebrates the gifts of Gluskabe with Maine Indian art works from the early nineteenth to mid twentieth centuries.


Hannibal Hamlin of Paris Hill

2009 marked the bicentennials of the births of Abraham Lincoln and his first vice president, Hannibal Hamlin of Maine. To observe the anniversary, Paris Hill, where Hamlin was born and raised, honored the native statesman and recalled both his early life in the community and the mark he made on Maine and the nation.

Site Pages

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Site Page

Presque Isle: The Star City - Native Americans

By the 1880s, native Maliseet and Mi’kmaq populations were near an all-time low. Initially, native people benefited from labor opportunities in…

Site Page

Blue Hill, Maine - Artist

Artist Four Birds of Native Species, 1820 Item 33891 infoJonathan Fisher Memorial, Inc. Four Birds of Native Species is an oil on canvas…

Site Page

Biddeford History & Heritage Project - II. Ripples of change: European exploration & settlement at Winter Harbor - Page 2 of 2

The settlers encroached on the native hunting grounds and set nets which interfered with their fishing.

My Maine Stories

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My story about tours of duty in Vietnam
by Maynard Bradley

I served in the Army Special Forces as a Green Beret, it still effects me today.


Where are the French?
by Rhea Côté Robbins

Franco-Americans in Maine


The centuries-long history of Passamaquoddy Veterans
by Donald Soctomah, Passamaquoddy Historic Preservation Office

Passamaquoddy Veterans Protecting the Homeland

Lesson Plans

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Lesson Plan

Bicentennial Lesson Plan

Wabanaki Studies: Stewarding Natural Resources

Grade Level: 3-5 Content Area: Science & Engineering, Social Studies
This lesson plan will introduce elementary-grade students to the concepts and importance of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) and Indigenous Knowledge (IK), taught and understood through oral history to generations of Wabanaki people. Students will engage in discussions about how humans can be stewards of the local ecosystem, and how non-Native Maine citizens can listen to, learn from, and amplify the voices of Wabanaki neighbors to assist in the future of a sustainable environment. Students will learn about Wabanaki artists, teachers, and leaders from the past and present to help contextualize the concepts and ideas in this lesson, and learn about how Wabanaki youth are carrying tradition forward into the future.

Lesson Plan

Bicentennial Lesson Plan

Wabanaki Studies: Out of Ash

Grade Level: 3-5, 6-8, 9-12 Content Area: Science & Engineering, Social Studies
This lesson plan will give middle and high school students a broad overview of the ash tree population in North America, the Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) threatening it, and the importance of the ash tree to the Wabanaki people in Maine. Students will look at Wabanaki oral histories as well as the geological/glacial beginnings of the region we now know as Maine for a general understanding of how the ash tree came to be a significant part of Wabanaki cultural history and environmental history in Maine. Students will compare national measures to combat the EAB to the Wabanaki-led Ash Task Force’s approaches in Maine, will discuss the benefits and challenges of biological control of invasive species, the concept of climigration, the concepts of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) and Indigenous Knowledge (IK) and how research scientists arrive at best practices for aiding the environment.

Lesson Plan

Bicentennial Lesson Plan

Nation to Nation: Treaties and Legislation between the Wabanaki Nations and the State of Maine

Grade Level: 9-12 Content Area: Social Studies
This lesson plan asks high school students to think critically about and look closely at documentation regarding the Nation-to-Nation relationship between the Wabanaki Tribes/Nations and the State of Maine. This lesson asks students to participate in discussions about morality and legislative actions over time. Students will gain experience examining and responding to primary and secondary sources by taking a close look at documents relating to the Maine Indian Claims Settlement Act of 1980 (MICSA) and the issues that preceded and have followed the Act.