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Keywords: African Americans

Historical Items

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Mystery Corner Item

Item 29278

Unidentified man, Lewiston, ca. 1900

Mystery Corner Item Who? When? Help!

Contributed by: Maine Historical Society Date: circa 1900 Media: Photographic print

Item 1130

The McIntyre family, Houlton, ca. 1900

Contributed by: Maine Historical Society Date: circa 1900 Location: Houlton Media: Photographic print

Item 12363

Chapel of Our Savior, Brunswick

Contributed by: Pejepscot History Center Date: 1887 - 2005 Location: Brunswick Media: Photograph, print

Tax Records

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Item 65229

73-75 Newbury Street, Portland, 1924

Owner in 1924: David Finkelman Use: Apartments


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"Twenty Nationalities, But All Americans"

Concern about immigrants and their loyalty in the post World War I era led to programs to "Americanize" them -- an effort to help them learn English and otherwise adjust to life in the United States. Clara Soule ran one such program for the Portland Public Schools, hoping it would help the immigrants be accepted.


A Convenient Soldier: The Black Guards of Maine

The Black Guards were African American Army soldiers, members of the segregated Second Battalion of the 366th Infantry sent to guard the railways of Maine during World War II, from 1941 to 1945. The purpose of the Black Guards' deployment to Maine was to prevent terrorist attacks along the railways, and to keep Maine citizens safe during the war.


Guarding Maine Rail Lines

Black soldiers served in Maine during World War II, assigned in small numbers throughout the state to guard Grand Trunk rail lines from a possible German attack. The soldiers, who lived in railroad cars near their posts often interacted with local residents.

Site Pages

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Site Page

Anchor of the Soul - Anchor of the Soul

… Anchor of the Soul Anchor of the Soul A documentary about black history in Maine

Site Page

Presque Isle: The Star City - Native Americans

While African Americans received the right vote in 1870 and women the right to vote in 1920, the United State government did not give this right to…

Site Page

Lincoln, Maine - Main Street, Lincoln, ca. 1920

Charles Fuller. This house was occupied by an African American troop detachment sent here to guard the railroad bridges in Lincoln, Mattawamkeag and…

My Maine Stories

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I have thought about Vietnam almost every day for 48 years
by Ted Heselton

Working as a heavy equipment operator in Vietnam


Dancing through barriers
by Garrett Stewart

My Dad performed on the Dave Astor Show in Portland during the civil rights era.


Black Is Beautiful
by Judi Jones

Gut-wrenching fear

Lesson Plans

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Lesson Plan

Longfellow Studies: "The Slave's Dream"

Grade Level: 6-8, 9-12 Content Area: English Language Arts, Social Studies
In December of 1842 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Poems on Slavery was published. "The Slave's Dream" is one of eight anti-slavery poems in the collection. A beautifully crafted and emotionally moving poem, it mesmerizes the reader with the last thoughts of an African King bound to slavery, as he lies dying in a field of rice. The 'landscape of his dreams' include the lordly Niger flowing, his green-eyed Queen, the Caffre huts and all of the sights and sounds of his homeland until at last 'Death illuminates his Land of Sleep.'