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Lesson Plan Slideshow - Pine Tree State

Created by Brittany Cook, MHS Bicentennial Fellow

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Map of Maine, 1905

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Map of Maine, 1905 / Maine Historical Society

Over hundreds of years, Maine was shaped into the state we recognize on a map today. But why do we call Maine the "Pine Tree State?"

States throughout the country choose "state" animals and plants to represent local wildlife and culture. In this lesson, we'll take a look at images from different parts of Maine history that show some of the "state" plants and animals that have been chosen to represent Maine.

Greenville M. Donham created this map of Maine in 1905. Maine didn't have a northern border until the United States and Canada agreed on the boundary line in 1842: 22 years after Maine became a state. You can see part of New Hampshire on this map, as well as the Canadian Provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick.


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