Wabanaki encampment, ca. 1000 BCE


This painting is an artist's reconstruction of what a Wabanaki encampment on the coast of Maine would have looked like about 3000 years ago.

The human history of Mount Desert Island began thousands of years ago when the ancestors of the Wabanaki people came to the place they later called Pemetic (pemotonet in Passamaquoddy), which translates to “Range of mountains.” Rising sea levels over the past 10,000 years have flooded older village sites, but a combination of archaeology on sites from the last 3,000 years, Wabanaki traditional knowledge, language, and other natural sciences create a picture of Wabanaki life here before the arrival of Europeans.

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