Contributed by Maine Historical Society
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In 1798 surveyors and map makers were sent out by the governments of Britain and the United States to determine the northeast boundary line between the two countries.
This sketch is part of a collection of maps made to help determine the boundary. It is a copy "taken from one made on Birch Bark by Francis Joseph an Indian with the assistance of other Indians as also the above information of Pleasant Point May 8th 1798 by us Thomas Milledge, Rob Pagan."
The map shows an old canoe trail from the Maliseet Indian village of Meductic to Indian Island at Old Town -- an ancient "highway" for Indians and settlers. Indians used the route to trade with the French and English; settlers used it to get to the area.
Other place names include: Masaskisias, Madawaska River, Lake Pasahagan, Chepenannot River, Lake Kioxakcik. Francis Joseph Neptune was the chief of the Passamaquoddy Tribe.
About This Item
- Title: St. John and Penobscot Rivers map, 1798
- Creator: Neptune, Francis Joseph
- Creation Date: 1798-05-08
- Subject Date: 1798-05-08
- Town: Pleasant Point
- County: Aroostook, Washington
- State: ME
- Media: Ink on paper
- Dimensions: 37 cm x 23 cm
- Local Code: Coll. 26, Box 9 Maps
- Collection: Barclay collection
- Object Type: Text and Image
Cross Reference Searches
Standardized Subject Headings
- Indians of North America--Maine--Maps, Manuscript
- Northeast boundary of the United States--Maps.
- Penobscot River (Me.)--Maps, Manuscript--Early works to 1800.
- Rivers--Canada--New Brunswick
- Saint John River (Me. and N.B.)--Maps
- St. John River (Me. and N.B.)--Maps
- Indian geographic place names
- Indian Place Names
- Native Americans
- Nature, geography & animals
- Passamaquoddy Indians
- Rob Pesan
- Thomas Millidge
For more information about this item, contact:Maine Historical Society
485 Congress Street, Portland, ME 04101
(207) 774-1822 x230
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