French 1/4 Ecu coin, Louis XIII, Castine, 1642

Contributed by Maine Historical Society

French 1/4 Ecu coin, Louis XIII, Castine, 1642

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This 1/4 Ecu was one of many coins found at the mouth of the Bagaduce River in 1840, indicating the area's thriving trade in the 1600s. Present-day Castine was a contested area of overlapping Wabanaki, English and French claims for centuries.

In 1674, during a period of French control, Dutch privateers attacked the fort and took the Baron of Saint-Castin (Jean Vincent d’Abbadie) and others hostage for ransom. When Saint-Castin returned to Castine in 1677, he established a trading post among Wabanakis on the Bagaduce River, about six miles from the old fort.

In 1684 Chief Madockawando’s daughter, Pidianiske (baptized as Molly Mathilde), married Saint-Castin and solidified the alliance between the French and Penobscot. Family ties and reciprocal relations gave Saint-Castin a stronger footing among Wabanaki people than the English settlers and traders encroaching up the coast.

The coin depicts a crowned King Louis XIII on the obverse and the text "LVDOVICVS.XIII.D.G.FR.ET. NAV.REX." The reverse of the coin features a royal crest and the year of manufacture.

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About This Item

  • Title: French 1/4 Ecu coin, Louis XIII, Castine, 1642
  • Creation Date: 1642
  • Subject Date: 1642
  • Town: Castine
  • County: Hancock
  • State: ME
  • Media: Silver
  • Local Code: A00-52-01
  • Object Type: Physical Object

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For more information about this item, contact:

Maine Historical Society
485 Congress Street, Portland, ME 04101
(207) 774-1822 x230

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