Contributed by Maine Historical Society
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This 1/4 Ecu was one of many coins found at the mouth of the Bagaduce River in 1840, indicating the area's thriving trade in the 1600s. Present-day Castine was a contested area of overlapping Wabanaki, English and French claims for centuries.
In 1674, during a period of French control, Dutch privateers attacked the fort and took the Baron of Saint-Castin (Jean Vincent d’Abbadie) and others hostage for ransom. When Saint-Castin returned to Castine in 1677, he established a trading post among Wabanakis on the Bagaduce River, about six miles from the old fort.
In 1684 Chief Madockawando’s daughter, Pidianiske (baptized as Molly Mathilde), married Saint-Castin and solidified the alliance between the French and Penobscot. Family ties and reciprocal relations gave Saint-Castin a stronger footing among Wabanaki people than the English settlers and traders encroaching up the coast.
The coin depicts a crowned King Louis XIII on the obverse and the text "LVDOVICVS.XIII.D.G.FR.ET. NAV.REX." The reverse of the coin features a royal crest and the year of manufacture.
About This Item
- Title: French 1/4 Ecu coin, Louis XIII, Castine, 1642
- Creation Date: 1642
- Subject Date: 1642
- Town: Castine
- County: Hancock
- State: ME
- Media: Silver
- Local Code: A00-52-01
- Object Type: Physical Object
Cross Reference Searches
Standardized Subject Headings
- Abenaki Indians--History--17th century
- Acadia -- History
- Indians of North America
- Indians of North America--Maine
- Maine--History--Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775
- Native Americans--Maine
- Penobscot Indian Nation
- St. Castin, Jean Vincent d'Abbadie, baron de, 1652-1707
- Trading posts--Maine--Castine
- Wabanaki Indians
For more information about this item, contact:Maine Historical Society
485 Congress Street, Portland, ME 04101
(207) 774-1822 x230
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