Contributed by Maine Historical Society
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This three halfpence coin, part of a cache of wealth hidden by Walter Bagnall, was created during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. The coin was stamped with the phrase "FLORENT CONCORDIA REGNA," or "All nations flourish by peace."
Walter Bagnall was the first European settler on Richmond Island, near Cape Elizabeth, in 1628. He became wealthy by cheating the Wabanaki, specifically the female leader Warrabitta’s family, at his trading post. According to Massachusetts Governor Winthrop, "Bagnall...was a wicked fellow, and had much wronged the Indians."
Bagnall had violated his social responsibilities, and as a result, Warrabitta’s brother, Skitterygusset, killed Bagnall in 1631 and burned down the trading post. This act was a redistribution of power and asserted Wabanaki jurisdiction of the area. It is thought that Bagnall hoarded and buried money just before his murder. The number of coins and their international span demonstrates the far reaches of the fur trade in Maine.
About This Item
- Title: Queen Elizabeth I English three halfpence coin, Richmond Island, ca. 1560
- Creation Date: circa 1560
- Subject Date: circa 1560
- Town: Richmond Island
- County: Cumberland
- State: ME
- Local Code: 819*5
- Object Type: Physical Object
Cross Reference Searches
Standardized Subject Headings
- Elizabeth I, Queen of England
- Coins, British
- Coins, English
- Colonists--United States--Maine
- Maine--History--Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775
- Richmond Island (Me.)
- United States--History--Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775
- Wabanaki Indians
For more information about this item, contact:Maine Historical Society
485 Congress Street, Portland, ME 04101
(207) 774-1822 x230
Use of this Item is not restricted by copyright and/or related rights, but the holding organization is contractually obligated to limit use. For more information, please contact the contributing organization. However, watermarked Maine Memory Network images may be used for educational purposes.
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