In 1834 the United States Government acquired the title to Goat Island at the entrance to Cape Porpoise Harbor, one of 16 islands within the limits of Kennebunkport.
Cape Porpoise was a main port of call for ships and a beacon was needed to guide them into the harbor. Congress appropriated $6000 to build a lighthouse on Goat Island. Whale oil was burned for the light. In 1860 the lighthouse was remodeled and lard oil replaced the whale oil for its fuel.
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