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Picture frame, Passamaquoddy, Late 19th – early 20th century

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Birch bark has been an essential material for the Wabanaki for generations. It was used to create everything from canoes to shelters.

With the growing market for Native crafts exemplified by the Bar Harbor encampments, Wabanaki birch bark artisans developed new forms and decorative styles to appeal to buyers.

Depictions of Wabanaki life and stories, along with scenes from the natural world, were popular at the turn of the century.

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