Native American carvers believed they were releasing the spirits of animals and birds from the wood they were working. Root clubs, which were made from the root bundles of immature gray birch trees, were used ceremonially. They were carried in dances and religious ceremonies, but became objects for tourist trade by the late nineteenth century.
This club has moose, birds, a war-bonneted Indian head, and "Poland Spring, Me." carved on it.
Please post your comment below to share with others. If you'd like to privately share a comment or correction with MMN staff, please use this form.