Brooch with Don Juan VI miniature, Portugal, 1824
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King Don Juan VI (1767-1826) of Portugal gave Gen. Henry Dearborn (1751-1829) of Maine a gold brooch in recognition of Dearborn harboring the king aboard his ship during an uprising in Portugal in 1824. Dearborn was minister to Portugal from 1822-1824. The brooch contains a miniature painting of the king on ivory, which is surrounded by a gold frame edged in diamonds. Don Juan became king in 1816, but lived in Brazil with his entourage because of the Napoleonic wars in Europe. After a peaceful revolution and formation of a constitutional government, Don Juan returned to Portugal in 1821 and swore loyalty to the new government. The revolt was one of several against the rule of Don Juan VI. He presented the unique gift to Dearborn on May 13, 1824.