John Neal, Portland, ca. 1870
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Portland's John Neal (1793-1876) epitomized the spirit of 19th century Maine. In his long life he was a boxer, novelist, gymnist, publisher, architect, quarryman, attorney, phrenologist, pro-feminist and America's first art critic. In 1827, after living in England, Neal settled in his home town, founded the acclaimed, but short-lived, literary magazine, the "Yankee," and helped stimulate an artistic climate that flourished through the Civil War.