Martha Washburn and sons, Livermore


Martha "Patty" Washburn is shown surrounded by portraits of her seven sons.

Starting top left, clockwise, are: Algernon Sidney Washburn, Israel Washburn, Jr., Elihu Benjamin Washburn, Samuel Benjamin Washburn, William Drew Washburn, Charles Ames Washburn, and Cadwallader Colden Washburn.

The seven sons of Israel and Martha Washburn of Livermore served as state governors, congressmen, a U.S. senator, Secretary of State, foreign ministers, a Civil War general, and a Navy captain.

As industrialists, the brothers' achievements included founding the Washburn-Crosby Gold Medal Flour Company, inventing a typewriter, and serving as president of a railroad.

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