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Stanley #127 transitional jack plane

Contributed by Southern Aroostook Agricultural Museum

Wood planes were made of hard wood such as walnut cherry or maple. Simple planes were merely chisels held in a smoothed block of wood by a wedge. The block of wood controlled the depth of the blade so that only a shaving of wood was removed with each pass of the plane. Types of planes can generally be broken into four basic categories: smoothing, molding, beading and beveling. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries a master carpenter would have a hundred or more finely tuned specialized wood planes. In the second half of the nineteenth century, planes with iron soles started to be made. Later, planes were made almost completely of iron then steel.

Smoothing planes ran in size from the 6” – 8” smoothing plane ti the 12’ – 17’ jack plane, to the 60’ – 72’ cooper’s jointer. This 15’ long “jack plane” has a wood stock with metal fittings. The jack plane was used for starting the smoothing process. Its blade was curved to enable it to cut deeper than a flat blade, making quick work of the rough first phase of smoothing a board. A trying, or trueing, plane would then be used to further smooth the board

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Other Information

  • Title: Stanley #127 transitional jack plane
  • Creation Date: circa 1900
  • Subject Date: circa 1900
  • Town: Littleton
  • County: Aroostook
  • State: ME
  • Media: wood and steel
  • Dimensions: 13.9 cm x 38.1 cm x 6.9 cm
  • Collection: Luther and Kay Grass
  • Object Type: Physical Object

For more information about this item, contact:

Southern Aroostook Agricultural Museum
1678 U.S. Route 1, Littleton, ME 04730
(207) 538-9604 (Debbie)

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LC Subject Headings

Carpentry tools
Planes (Hand tools)

Other Keywords

jack plane
StanleyPlanes (Hand tools)

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